Whether you are new to buying gemstones or buying stones online for the first time, this guide will help you choose the best gemstone to suit your needs.

So, for your convenience, we will build this guide in the form of answers to the most common questions you need to know when choosing a gemstone.

1. What do you need a gem for?

If you are looking for a gem to be inserted into a piece of jewelry, you need to pay attention to the fact that not every gem is suitable for a particular piece of jewelry. Each stone has its place on the hardness scale. For example, some stones are just very soft for a casual ring, but perfect for a ring that is only worn for certain occasions. Harder stones are perfect for bracelets, while less hard stones are perfect for pendants, earrings, pendants, brooches. Thus, the first step you should take when choosing a stone is to test its hardness.

2. The next question is about your preferences - do you have a favorite stone? Favorite color? Are you looking for a stone that is right for your birthday or anniversary?

If you know what kind of stone you need, click on the corresponding link in our Catalog of stones to see all the gems of the type you are interested in with detailed characteristics.

Birth-month stones have been revered by connoisseurs of gemstones for centuries. The idea of ​​attributing a stone to the corresponding month goes deep into history, it is associated with the confidant of the high priest - a religious vestment with 12 gems - ruby, topaz, emerald, carbuncle, sapphire, diamond, hyacinth, agate, amethyst, chrysolite, onyx and jasper. Subsequently, Josephus Flavius ​​(1st century AD) in his writings established a connection between the 12 stones of the confidant, 12 signs of the zodiac and 12 months of the year. The main idea is that each stone has a special power associated with the corresponding birthday. A modern list of birthday gems was proposed by the American Jewelers Association in 1912:

January - garnet, rose quartz, symbolizing constancy

February - amethyst or onyx, symbolizing sincerity, peace, tranquility, moderation

March - aquamarine, symbolizing health, love, youth, courage

April - diamond or rhinestone, symbolizing purity, innocence, patience, invincibility

May - emerald or agate, symbolizing love, success, good health

June - alexandrite, moonstone or pearl, symbolizing modesty, health and longevity

July - ruby, jade or carnelian, symbolizing happiness, harmony and contentment

August - peridot (chrysolite) or sardonyx, symbolizing family well-being and happiness

September - sapphire, symbolizing clear thinking, foresight of the future

October - opal, beryl or tourmaline, symbolizing hope, health of emotions

November - yellow topaz or citrine, symbolizing loyalty, sound mind, strength of body and mind

December - tanzanite, zircon or turquoise, symbolizing prosperity and prosperity, a happy life.

Gems matching wedding anniversaries:

1st wedding anniversary - gold jewelry; 2nd wedding anniversary - pomegranate; 3rd wedding anniversary - pearls; 4th Wedding Anniversary - Blue Topaz; 5th wedding anniversary - sapphire; 6th wedding anniversary - amethyst; 7th wedding anniversary - onyx; 8th wedding anniversary - tourmaline; 9th wedding anniversary - lapis lazuli; 10th wedding anniversary - diamond jewelry; 11th Wedding Anniversary - Turquoise; 12th wedding anniversary - jade; 13th Wedding Anniversary - Citrine; 14th wedding anniversary - opal; 15th wedding anniversary - ruby; 16th wedding anniversary - peridot; 17th wedding anniversary - hours; 18th Wedding Anniversary - Cat's Eye; 19th wedding anniversary - aquamarine; 20th Wedding Anniversary - Emerald; 21st wedding anniversary - iolite; 22nd wedding anniversary - spinel; 23rd Wedding Anniversary - Royal Topaz; 24th wedding anniversary - tanzanite; 25th Wedding Anniversary - Silver Anniversary; 30th Wedding Anniversary - Pearl Anniversary; 35th Wedding Anniversary - Emerald; 40th Wedding Anniversary - Ruby; 45th Wedding Anniversary - Sapphire; 50th Wedding Anniversary - Golden Anniversary; 55th wedding anniversary - alexandrite; 60th Wedding Anniversary - Diamond Anniversary; 70th Wedding Anniversary - Sapphire Anniversary; 80th Wedding Anniversary - Ruby Anniversary.

3. What should you pay attention to when choosing a gemstone?

Evaluation of gems, like diamonds, is based on the so-called “4Cs - color, clarity, cut and carat weight” rule - that is, color, clarity, cut and carat weight. But, while the diamond industry has a clear grading scale, there is no single grading system for gems. Since there are over 50 varieties of gems, each with its own special characteristics. For example, the purity standards for emeralds differ from those for sapphire because even the most expensive emerald has some natural inclusions.

Many gemologists will agree that color is one of the key characteristics for gemstones. The following terminology is used to define color: hue, saturation, and hue. More detailed information can be obtained by clicking on the link.

Cut and clarity are also important factors when evaluating gemstones, as they accentuate color and impart shine. Gems are graded on a scale of purity and each stone in our collection has its own attribute of purity. Generally, a visually clear gem is ideal. But at the same time, it should be noted that some inclusions give a zest to the individuality of the stone. In fact, gemologists use the features of inclusions to determine the naturalness of a gem. Thus, some inclusions are even desirable. While the fact remains true - the higher the purity scale, the higher the price of the stone, inclusions that do not affect the shine and play of the stone do not affect its price.

4. Why do some stones lend themselves to refinement?

Today, many gems can be refined in various ways to improve color and clarity. It should be understood why some gems can be processed and by what methods.

The extraction of high quality gems is slowing down due to the depletion of their reserves. At the same time, consumer demand for gems tends to increase, which leads to a shortage of precious stones and, accordingly, an increase in their price.

In this regard, the gem industry has developed a number of methods for processing gemstones to improve their color performance and clarity. The most common method is heat treatment, which improves the color of the stone through high temperatures, mimicking the processes of nature when the stone is formed. Other refining methods are fraction filling and the addition of certain chemical elements such as beryllium during heat treatment. These refinement methods significantly improve the appearance of many gems, but at the same time affect the price of the gem. A stone that has been processed is less valuable than a natural natural gem. But most of the stones, such as rubies and sapphires, which today are massively amenable to refinement, are very difficult to find in their natural form, which explains their high cost, inaccessible to most buyers. The stones provided in the Joyaux Stones Catalog did not lend themselves to refinement by any of the methods. We sell only natural natural stones!

5. How to care for gems?

If you have invested in a gem, then you must comply with the conditions for its care in order to preserve its appearance and shine for many years. Most gemstones are quite durable and only require periodic cleaning. But some stones need special care because they are sensitive to temperature changes, excess light, or chemicals. More information about the conditions for the care of stones can be found in our Encyclopedia in the section of the stone you are interested in.